How To: Mix & Understand Colors

In this tutorial, you can learn how to work and understand color structures using Valvar’s catalog. This video is provided by Mrs. Anousha Shafi’e from Ostoureh Institute.


Greetings. I’m Anousha Shafi’e and today I want to talk to you about a fundamental but crucial concept. After getting to know hair, meaning its type, origin, structure, and foundation, what is very crucial to understand is the triangle of colors. This will enable you to mix beautiful colors. We receive many pictures every day by our viewers asking to tell them how to mix colors to get a similar result to what is in the picture. In this video, I want to help you learn how to read the catalog and understand how a particular color is made.

Each brand has a unique catalog. We usually read catalogs based on numbers and audits. To the left of the audit is the color number that is an international number. Most companies follow a similar standard concerning these numbers. Today I want to read a catalog from Valvar products which is a very high-quality cosmetic product. This brand is provided by many agencies and representatives and can be acquired easily. Therefore, I’m going to teach you based on this catalog.

As you can see, this is the first page of Valvar’s catalog. The first list contains natural colors. The colors start from 1.0 to 11.0. You can read the colors in two ways. Either using Latin letters or using a combination of audits and numbers. Keep in mind that colors with a zero to the right of the audit always represent natural colors. The advantage of Valvar’s natural color is how little red they will leave on the client’s hair. For people who don’t like their hair to look red, this can be a great choice and you can just choose the color you desire and apply them to your hair or even mix them with other colors.

The next part is the natural extra colors. As you can see, the number of colors available from this catalog is more than what you have with other catalogs. These colors have a maximum covering power. Some people complain about how their hair dye disappears after showering for a few times. Colors presented in this section of the catalog have a longer lifespan and are more resistant to shampooing. In addition, many people ask how to cover their white hair without having to use a dark color. You can use colors like 7.00 or 8.00 and mix them with oxidant level 1 or 0.5. This will cover the client’s hair completely without making it look dark and it will stay on their hair for a long time.

In order to tell extra and natural colors apart, keep in mind that the letter N or a single zero after the audit represents natural colors, but extra colors are represented by the letters NF or two zeros after the audit. The letter F means that the pigments in these colors are full and they will provide a higher level of coverage.

After covering natural and extra sections, we have to move on to matt colors. A number 2 represents this color after the audit. The spectrum starts from number two and ends with number 11 that is a very light matt blond color. This is a cold color and there are more yellow and blue pigments in the tube that makes up this spectrum. This is better suitable for people with white skins who’d like to use color in this range.

Ash and smoky colors from this brand are represented by numbers 1 and 11 after the audit. Since this color contains a considerable amount of blue, it will cover yellow and orange pigments in your hair perfectly. These colors are also more suitable for white skins. Copper is one of the warmer colors from this catalog. This color is represented by the number 44 after the audit. When you see a number repeated twice, it means that the color is more potent and will last longer on your hair. You can use 7.44 for your Meche or ombre dye to get beautiful color. Copper colors are usually used during autumn.

Golden section is represented by the number 3 after the audit and that’s how you can know if this type of color is being used. For people with lots of white hair, I would recommend using color 5.3 or 6.3. This is because white hair could make your posture a little colder and using these two colors could really make you look beautiful and much younger. Let’s move on to our tobacco color section. As you can see these colors are represented by the number 45 after the audit. Some people prefer to use a mix of colors. Well, here you can find them already mixed. You can look for color number 4 which is a copper color and the 5 represents a mahogany color and this way you can find out which colors were used in the mix.

Next, you can see our Nescafe color which starts at 4.47 and ends at 10.47. This section also contains mixed colors as you can see by the numbers after the audit. Colors after number 7 must only be used on bleached hair to get the right tone. You can also see ash golden colors here which are made from 7.31, 8.31 and 9.31. These colors should also only be used on bleached hair.

Violet and mahogany violet are a beautiful spectrum of colors that are very well suited for people with a colder exterior. Violet is a good antithetic for yellow. You can use a very small amount of this color to get rid of yellow for people who rather use warm colors. Our next color which is a warm color is red. This color is represented by 66 after the audit. There are four different types of red available on Valvar’s catalog. The higher the number of colors, the brighter the redness. People usually ask who should use these colors, and the answer is people with darker skin and colder exterior are usually better suited to use them. These colors have the highest rate of light reflection.

Here you can see mahogany and chestnut colors available on Valvar’s catalog which is represented by 5 and 4 after the audit. There are a number of colors here that you can choose from. You can also find beige which is represented by 8.67, 9.67 and 10.67. Some people go to salons and ask for a dye with these colors and after they dye they realize that the color is not visible on their hair. As I said before, any color above 8 must be applied to bleached hair for the color tone to be visible. We also have the honey color which is available with numbers 7.57 and 9.57. We have bronze, which is a very beautiful color and you can use it for your warm Ombre dye and is very practical.

You can find color hemp color. This color contains the least amount of red and is considered a cold color. Also, chocolate which is represented with the number 7 after the audit. It’s a beautiful color and if you mix it with gold you can cover white hair very well. Here you can also see highlights from Valvar catalog. Let’s take a look at when you should use highlights. For example, for 12.1, which is a smoky color, you should only use it when you want the least possible amount of yellow in your hair or 12.12 which is a copper highlight. There are times when you want to apply a highlight but also need a very light yellow tone also. To achieve that you can use 12.5. With the research that I have done, I’ve found out that these colors are not double ammonia. Colors which are double ammonia can damage your hair and also dry them and make them more prone to breaking. These Valvar colors don’t have those issues and are based on established standards.

Here you can see the variations or mixed tones. Which includes variations from smoky, blue, violet and grey. These are very suitable for certain types of a dye such as galaxy dye where you can use violet and gold together. Variations or mixed tones are pure and powerful colors that if are overused in your mixed, will have opposite results. However, you can use them accordingly to get the desired result. For example, if you want to use matt, you can also use a very small amount of green to get the best result.

Here you can see that variations are represented with E or the number 0 before the audit. The alphabet E and 0 before the audit are both signs used to show mixed tones. It’s very important whether 0 is before or after the audit. If zero is used after the audit, it shows the color is natural, but if it’s before the audit, it shows the color is a mixed tone. Also, a little on lightening cream or E20.

This variation can increase the lightening power of different colors and can act as a form of bleach.

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